society. Pinochet’s 1973 coup was supported by Allende’s presidential predecessor and by an overwhelming majority of the Chilean people. Pinochet underling Guillermo Garin yesterday, adding: ... Mikhail Gorbachev or Reagan and Thatcher. But global perceptions of the Chilean economic model changed, slowly at first, more rapidly and massively after the mid-1980s. As the then finance minister, Alejandro Foxley, said in a 1991 interview: “We may not like the government that came before us. Poverty levels, as high as 50 percent in 1984, were reduced to 34 percent by 1989. Survivor of Pinochet explains why she celebrates death of Thatcher (Reagan, Obama) User Name: Remember Me: Password : Please register to participate in our discussions with 2 million other members - it's free and quick! Murdering gangster. The economy minister, Paulo Guedes, trained in free market fundamentals at the Chicago School of Economics – the seedbed for Reagan and Thatcher’s economic policies – and worked at the University of Chile during Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship in the 1980s. Margaret Thatcher funeral: At Parliament Square, so often a scene of protest, the only sound to be heard is clicking cameras Jerome Taylor Wednesday 17 April 2013 16:45 Less than three weeks later, the military, led by newly appointed army commander in chief Pinochet, overthrew the government. ... Salvador Allende in Chile, whose rise provoked Pinochet’s coup, was a case in point. Although they never met in power, Thatcher was impressed by the success of Chile’s neoliberal economic program and Pinochet’s bloody stance against communism in Latin America. The Chilean military regime from 1973 to 1990 was authoritarian, certainly, but not totalitarian. Want an ad-free experience?Subscribe to Independent Premium. He brought the country to the verge of chaos on the basis of a slim democratic mandate, and as we now know had links to the Cubans. His legacy is Latin America’s most successful country.”) We will focus on the generally neglected, discounted, distorted, and sometimes falsely denied or suppressed aspects of the Pinochet legacy that have truly made Chile, despite its continuing challenges, “Latin America’s most successful country.”. The most concerning thing Thatcher and Reagan did related to de-regulation in the financial services sector. Totalitarian systems—once in place and short of external military conquest and occupation—are much harder to change than authoritarian ones. Allende’s closest UP allies were the Communists, the right wing of the UP, but both were pressed to move faster than they wanted by the left wing of the UP, mainly members of Allende’s Socialist Party, and by ultraleftists (the term used by the Communists) to the left of the UP. In their eyes, the Labour leader is a terrorist sympathiser. Extended sizes from XS-5XL. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Chile’s democracy was already well on the road to self-destruction. Poverty had increased enormously during and in the wake of the UP’s disastrous economic policies, and it decreased only as a result of the state-led stabilization policies, structural reforms, and targeted social programs of the Pinochet period. He also pointed out that “other statistics of Pinochet's record are worth mentioning. Very little has been said about Thatcher's dealings with General Pinochet, apartheid South Africa, the Khmer Rouge, the House of Saud and Saddam … Thatcher did what she thought she had to do, and so did Corbyn. But Castro trained thousands of guerrillas from countries all over the world and sent hundreds of thousands of Cuban troops to many countries on at least three continents to launch and wage wars that brought untold death and destruction. Reagan, Thatcher and the end of the Cold War The End of the Cold War 1985-1989: final phase of Cold War Mikhail Gorbachev became new leader in 1985 - glasnost and perestroika - ideological conflict was toned down The end of the Cold War began in 1989 with the fall of the Berlin It's not a case of right versus left, or even good versus evil. Cuba and the United States were actively involved on opposite sides, but the main players were always Chilean. The shameful whitewashing of the regime by Thatcher's government only increased when Pinochet was arrested on war crimes charges in London in 1998. Start your Independent Premium subscription today. 1982: British prime minister Margaret Thatcher, American president Ronald Reagan (left) and US Secretary of State Alexander Haig (centre) outside Number 10, Downing Street during Reagan's state visit to London. The new UK/USA 'Special Relationship' was founded on the rapport between the two leaders. The claim is that he introduced a neoliberal model, that is, raw, savage capitalism of the kind attributed to Chile in the nineteenth century. Thatcher's support for Chile's former torturer-in-chief General Pinochet is no secret; it was something she was proud of. A much more positive case can be made for major parts of Pinochet’s legacy. Poverty levels, as high as 50 percent in 1984, were reduced to 34 percent by 1989. In 1998, Baltasar Garzón, a Spanish judge, demanded the extradition of former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet from the United Kingdom, where he had traveled to receive medical treatment. Some conservatives would be wise to look closer to home before casting the first stone. Thatcher was a steadfast defender of Augusto Pinochet, ... alongside Ronald Reagan, to back sanctions against the Apartheid regime in … All four civilian governments since 1990 have maintained the new, more market-oriented economic and social models inherited from the military regime. To order, call 800.935.2882 or visit www.hooverpress.org. Pinochet's rule was inhumane and brutal, but was it terrorism? ONLINE ONLY: Thatcher, Reagan and the Dictators. As reported by Hector Schamis in the Journal of Democracy (October 2006), Chile’s current foreign minister, Alejandro Foxley, recognized early in the first post-Pinochet democratic government that “the constitutional rules left by Pinochet had ‘somewhat ironically fostered a more democratic system,’ for they forced major actors into compromise rather than confrontation and, by ‘avoiding populism,’ increased ‘economic governability.’”. Authoritarian regimes have mentalities more than ideologies, low levels of political participation, and limited pluralism and competition of policies and political actors (including the press), with some constraints on regime control and manipulation of the polity, society, economy, family, religion, culture, and the press. What Kind of Democracy Did the Coup Displace? Baroness Thatcher, who served Pinochet tea at her London home two weeks ago, wrote to the Times newspaper that he "did so much to save British lives" … The Concertación, the alliance of political parties of the center and left that has won the past four presidential elections, deserves some credit for the post-1990 years, but so does the Pinochet government. It also matters because the 48 hours after a powerful public figure dies is when the halo becomes permanently affixed to their head. - President Ronald Reagan greets Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in Bonn, Germany 1985. (October 2006), Chile’s current foreign minister, Alejandro Foxley, recognized early in the first post-Pinochet democratic government that “the constitutional rules left by Pinochet had ‘somewhat ironically fostered a more democratic system,’ for they forced major actors into compromise rather than confrontation and, by ‘avoiding populism,’ increased ‘economic governability.’”. Or 1813? Jeremy Corbyn on the other hand has never wielded the levers of power in government, and has never done more than put forward ideas, Find your bookmarks in your Independent Premium section, under my profile. The appearance of GDP growth in the South American country created the mythology of the Chilean miracle, ‘thanks’ to the Chicago Boys, the group of young Chilean economists who studied at the University of Chicago under the adviser to U.S. President Ronald Reagan and British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, professor Milton Friedman. ... state capitalism toward more market-oriented structures and policies—was not Deng Xiaoping’s China or Margaret Thatcher’s Britain in the late 1970s, Ronald Reagan’s United States in 1981, or any other country in Latin America or elsewhere. 1950: British prime minister Margaret Thatcher, then Miss Margaret Roberts, attending a garden party at Buckingham Palace, as a Conservative MP. Margaret Thatcher – 1999 Statement on General Pinochet January 9, 2016 admin 1999 , Margaret Thatcher , Speeches Below is the text of the statement made in the House of Lords by Baroness Margaret Thatcher on 6 July 1999. Thatcher and Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet. (Of the many military regimes in Latin America in the sixties, seventies, and eighties, the only one to break with state capitalism was Chile’s.) Totalitarian regimes have dominant single parties; coherent, highly articulated, widely disseminated ideologies; very high levels of mass mobilization and participation directed and manipulated by the regime; and a strict control over candidates, when there are any, and policies. Chile’s former president, General Augusto Pinochet, died in December. Ayaan Hirsi Ali presents startling statistics, criminal cases and personal testimony. Reagan, for one, recognized the importance of Margaret Thatcher's presence as British prime minister, but would caution any discussion partner that Pope John Paul played an equally important role. This support cost the lives of hundreds of thousands of Kurds, Arabs and Persians. Margaret Thatcher waves to the press at her home, after leaving Cromwell Hospital on November 1, 2010, {{#verifyErrors}} {{message}} {{/verifyErrors}} {{^verifyErrors}} {{message}} {{/verifyErrors}}, Thatcher wasn't just a terrorist sympathiser, but a friend with one, viewed Nelson Mandela's ANC as a terrorist organisation, protesting in the streets over South African apartheid. Pinochet’s authoritarianism in Chile ended after 16 years in a peaceful and constitutional transfer of power, permitted by a constitution passed in 1980; Castro’s totalitarian regime in Cuba has lasted 48 years so far. Pinochet’s relationship with Thatcher remains a sore point for the Conservative Party. 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