During World War І, a big number of Africans were recruited to Europe as soldiers and war workers (Table-1). Map of A map showing the European colonization of the African continent before and after the Berlin Conference of 1885, when the most powerful countries in Europe at the time convened to make their territorial claims on Africa and establish their colonial borders at the start of the New Imperialism period. French West Africa (French: Afrique occidentale française, AOF) was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Côte d’Ivoire, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin) and Niger.The capital of the federation was Dakar. Germany, late to the show, held on to 9%. Map of the French colonial empire.png 1,357 × 628; 25 KB Meyers b9 s0954a.jpg 1,589 × 2,048; 504 KB Nouveau Planisphere Officiel L'Empire Colonial Francais et les Possessions Colonales des Nations - verso.jpg 14,061 × 20,145; 60.88 MB The map on the left shows European territorial claims on the African continent in 1914 (). During the 1950s and 60s, France and Belgium lost control of their African colonies, however, French is still spoken in at least 29 African countries. 1959: The year before France grants independence to its remaining French colonies in Africa. 2008: The year the map was originally made. The size of the territory claimed by the French empire in the 19th and 20th centuries was second only to Britain. Above is a map of Africa in 1914, with a map of colonies belonging to numerous European empires and the basis of which colonial languages I chose to report on with a couple of exceptions. According to some estimates there will be 700 million French speakers by the year 2050, and 80% of them will be in Africa. How is that for French in Africa! So, much more likely a stamp is French Colonies. From North Africa to South-East Asia, the Middle East to the South Pacific, millions were subjugated, repressed and murdered as French rulers scrambled to secure resources and markets for manufactured goods and profitable investments. Acknowledging this, France federated these colonies as French Equatorial Africa. A French map of Africa, c. 1911 (PD). If you’d like to learn more about colonialism the following books may be of interest: Today, there are 16 African countries in the area of French African colonies. By the time World War I broke out, Britain and France collectively controlled 45% of Africa’s population. The France 53b imperforate 5c yellow green/pale blue is catalogue $325, while the French Colonies 19 5c green/pale blue unused is CV $17.50. French Colonialism, Middle East The Middle East and North Africa were central regions in the history of modern French colonialism. The federation existed from 1895 until 1960. France's second colonial empire was founded in Algeria in 1830, after the loss of most of the first overseas empire in the Americas in the eighteenth century and the final defeat of Napoléon in Europe in 1815. 1974: The year before Portugal recognizes the independence of Mozambique and Angola. French Morocco (1912–1956) (protectorate) (89% of the current territory) (now Morocco) French Algeria (1830–1962) French Tunisia (1881–1956) (protectorate) French West Africa. Map of French colonies in Africa (in green) French North Africa. 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