Unique building materials, climatic considerations, social and contextual influence on spatial quality has provided such a greatness in these structures that it has become identical as “Bengal Style” among the other styles ran through the Indian sub-continent and outside of India in other Muslim countries during 12th-15th century in terms of structural innovation and addressing contextual issues. 4. The design is based on regional construction methods and local materials but introduces new techniques for efficiency and structural integrity. This is due to the Bengal soil structure. BAY OF BENGAL VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE | A R 1 0 0 1. Tin sheets or clay tile are other commonly used roofing materials. It is a house of zamindar and was constructed during British rule in India. The Masjid architecture of the independent Bengal Sultanate period constitutes the most essential element of the Islamic architecture of Bengal. architecture. The study of this type of architecture is of utter importance as 90% of world architecture is vernacular and only 5-10% structure designed by architect. WEST BENGAL: AT A GLANCE This type of house is extensively seen all over rural Bangladesh. The surviving Sixty Dome Masjid is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. People built only to the minimum extent required and therefore waste very INDIA. Dakshineswar Kali Temple is one of Bhanja-style examples, while the smaller Shiva Shrines along the river bank are also some of the examples of the Southern Bengal’s ceiling style, although in much smaller ratio. • The most enduring legacy of the Bengal Sultanate is its architectural heritage. Urbanization is recorded in the region since the golden age. These six major vernacular architecture which I studied to choose are Bhonga vernacular architecture of Gujarat (Hazira & Dahej), Konkan architecture, Vernacular architecture of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, vernacular architecture of Kerala, Vernacular of south Chennai, and vernacular architecture of west Bengal (Digha area). Architectural Photography Competition May 2020 – Results, RTF Architectural Visualization Competition 2020 – Results, RTF Essay Writing Competition April 2020 – Results, Designer’s Days of Quarantine Contest – Results, Urban Sketching Competition May 2020 – Results, Online Course | Sustainability through Computational Design, Online Course | Design Thinking in Interior Design, Online Course | AUDA – Introduction to Urban Design, 9 different cultures that have influenced the architecture of Europe, The Origin of Post-Modernist Architecture. Primitive Bengali architecture reached its summit during the Pala Empire, mainly in the construction of viharas, temples and stupas. The Bengal Region has rightly been named the “Lady of the East”. The bungalowstyle is a notable architectural e… Temple structures comprises of pyramidal steep roofs that are informally known as chala. 2.vernacular architecture of west bengal by authorstream. In the rural areas of Bangladesh, the Bengali style houses were often known to be referred as “Bangla Ghar”. The most pervasive architectural presence in this delta is the ‘pavilion structure’. Located at Rudrapur, the METI Handmade School is designed by architect Anna Heringer and Eike Roswag. The prehistorical sites of Mahasthangarh, Paharpur, Wari-Bateshwar remains, Chandraketugarh and Mainamati give a confirmation of a well-systematic urban civilization in these areas. Decorative carved or moulded plaques of terracotta are all considered to be a special feature of the Sultanate architecture. The most elemental pavilion is the rustic ‘Bengal Hut’ where the vernacular architecture starts. This was considered to be an important segment of the second wave of urban civilization in the Indian subcontinent, following the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization. Three major developments in religious architecture were seen in three different eras of Bengal’s history – evolution of Nagara style temples which were influenced by the Orissan Rekha deuls, followed by the developments of Islamic Architecture through mosques and tombs, and lastly, the generation of Terracotta Temples. Although there were laid out testimonies of human settlements in Bengal since the primitive era, there is a sad shortage of archaeological evidence. Previously they had been built from wood, bamboo and a kind of straw called “Khar”, which was used in the roof of the Bungalow house and kept the house cold during hot summer days. As in other Muslim buildings in Bengal, native tastes and techniques are more used in pre-Mughal graves, while the fondness for the cosmopolitan Mughal patterns came on the Mughal mortal structures. The roof lifted above the volumes reduces heat build-up within the spaces, and further cooling is provided by cross ventilation, surrounding vegetation, and the nearby pond. While most rural estates highlighted an elegant country house, the cities of Calcutta, Dacca, Panam and Chittagong had widespread 19th and early 20th century urban architecture, comparable to London, Sydney or Auckland. vernacular architecture mainly concerns detailed account, dating and classification of building forms, materials and technologies. The sheets are damp-proof, light, and durable, and ensure direct protection against heavy rain. In some areas, walls are made of sun-dried mud of one to two thickness which helps to keep the interior cool. The school is designed with thick earth blocks and bamboo. Add your article. West Bengal bɛnˈɡɔːl Bengali: Paschim Banga is a state in the eastern region of India along the Bay of Bengal With over 91 million inhabitants as DG IGP of West. To her, architecture exists as an emotional platform. The Neolithic and other prehistoric men of Bihar handed down their art tradition to their progeny in the historic period. Buildings are constructed on a raised earth plinth. Brick temples of Bengal (built between 16 th and 19 th century) forms one of the most distinctive groups of sacred monuments in India. Art deco shaping began in Calcutta in the 1930s. There are various temples residing in probable condition date from about the 17th century onwards, after temple construction was brought to life, it had stopped after the Muslim conquest during the 13th century. The raised earth plinth is widespread in Bangladesh and is a characteristic feature of indigenous architecture. Bengal is not rich in good stones for construction, so the traditional Bengali architecture mainly uses brick and wood, often reflecting the styles of wood, bamboo, and straw styles of local vernacular architecture for homes. The origin of the bungalow has its radical in the local architecture of Bengal. Some houses were traditionally small, only one storey and unhitched, and had a wide veranda which was the style adopted by the British, who used them as the dwelling places for colonial administrators in summer shelter in the Himalayas and in compounds outside the Indian cities. Bishnupuri in the Southern District of Western Bengal Bankura has a series of temples that are built by the Malla Dynasty, are some of the remarkable examples of this design. When highland is not available, settlements are established on raised earth mounds, excavated from channels or ponds, and in hilly regions and some marshy lands, settlements are built on stilts. Relatively less rainfall, dry climate, and being above the flood level are the main reasons for the development of mud housing in this region. These are made of latex and tulle, evacuating them under the mercy of the harsh weather conditions of Southern Bengal. The principle feature of vernacular (traditional) architecture is the lack of change or slow . This Vernacular architecture examines the dwellings, village formations and settlement patterns of the same societies. The most ancient existing masjid was established during the Delhi Sultanate. Many structural relics are still in existence to fill up the gap separating the prehistoric men for their historic descendants. Out of the total number of masjids built in Bengal during the entire Muslim period, almost three-quarters were constructed between the mid fifteenth and the mid sixteenth century. Bengali architecture inculcates ancient urban architecture, religious architecture, rural vernacular architecture, colonial townhouses and country houses, and modern urban styles. The most famous monument established by the Pala emperors was the Grand Vihara of Somapura, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The architecture of Bengal, which comprises the modern country of Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley, has a long and rich history, blending indigenous elements from the Indian subcontinent, with influences from different parts of the world. The ground floor is enclosed by a mud wall while the first floor has slatted bamboo walls aiding diffused light and natural ventilation. The Vernacular Architecture Forum is the premier organization in North America dedicated to the appreciation and study of ordinary buildings and landscapes. The alluvial plain is part of t he larger plain of Bengal, which i s . Bengal Terracotta Temples. The masjids which spotted the countryside ranged from small to medium size, and were used for daily devotion. Introduction: If one account for the built-forms of vernacular architecture of Bangladesh, one might not disagree according to Khona; where she urged that the house should be built in a high and arid land over a spacious platform. Memory and Time: Neglected Elements of Architecture, 8 Styles that have an influence on modern architecture, The sustainable and cultural significance of Central Park on New York, Limestone Gallery | He Wei Studio | 3andwich Design, This Architectural Exhibition got 10,000 Visitors at Milan Design Week. On a French government scholarship the country was carried out throughout south East asia and China Japan... Somapura, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site Bengal ( Paper Model by architecture student on a French government.... Keywords: Dak and Khona, Maxims, vernacular architecture Forum is lack... 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