[3] The element *tēs, meaning "warmth" with connotations of "boiling, excitement" (Welsh tes), may underlie the name. It creates jobs, creates a great natural habitat and is a wonderful place for local people to enjoy. An introduction to Rivers. Where this gap is at its greatest, this is a Spring Tide. The water drops 170 feet and the falls have been in many movies and TV shows. The River Tees rises on the slopes of Cross Fell at a height of 893metres. After passing the village of Romaldkirk to the west, the river is joined by the River Balder at Cotherstone. The valley is steep sided and V shaped, as the river has not yet flattened the land (though the river has began to erode laterally). Below Viewing Hill, it turns south to the Cow Green Reservoir constructed to store water to be released in dry conditions to satisfy the industrial need for water on Teesside. Seals can often be seen on Seal Sands. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Despite the heavy industry near the mouth of the river, the estuary is an important habitat for animals and plant life. The Tees Barrage. The need for water further downstream also meant that reservoirs were built in the extreme upper reaches, such as Cow Green. The emergence of the Steel industry in the late 19th century earned it the nickname "The Steel River" owing to the many steelworks that operated along the banks of the Tees. This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 19:59. The River is the lifeblood of this area. In its upper course the Tees flows in a typical Pennines dale (valley) where high moorlands flank an attenuated strip of farmland. [26], Near the mouth of the River Tees is the large dry dock facility of ABLE UK, named TERRC (Teesside Environmental Reclamation and Recycling Centre), used to dismantle or oil rigs and other large vessels. In the lower course of the river it opens into the Tees Estuary: there is a lot of deposition evidenced by mud flats at low tide. The usual range of the River Tees at Yarm is between 0.45m and 1.80m. The River Tees , in northern England, rises on the eastern slope of Cross Fell in the North Pennines and flows eastwards for 85 miles (137 km) to reach the North Sea between Hartlepool and Redcar near Middlesbrough. The areas where large scale commodity chemical industry continues to be based are Billingham and Seal Sands, both on the north bank of the River Tees, and Wilton on the south bank. [14], A proposal was made in 1769 to make cuts in the river which would straighten the course and enable ships to save time and money in navigation. Facts & Stats. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The dale widens below Cauldron Snout, and trees appear, contrasting with the broken rocks where the water descends over High Force. River Tees, river in northeastern England, rising on Cross Fell in the northern Pennines and flowing 70 miles (110 km) east to the North Sea. For around 100 years this species was absent from the estuary but have now returned and can be seen on the flats at Seal Sands. A series of large meanders takes the course past Neasham, Low Dinsdale and Sockburn to Middleton St George. The modern day history of the river has been tied with the industries on Teessidein its lower reaches, where it has provided the means of import and export of goods to and from the north east region. [6], The course of the valley down to here has been generally east-south-east, but it now turns north-east near the village of Whorlton. The highest level forecast in the next 36 hours is 0.79m at 6:45am Friday 15 January 2021. [27] Hartlepool Nuclear Power Station is adjacent to the east. River Tees Week. The channel has been made considerably narrower by dumping ship's ballast and ironworks slag along the former banks, increasing the scouring due to its natural flow. High Force in the Pennines is a waterfall on the River Tees. It is 85 miles long. Tees Barrage with White Water course in background, River of the East Coast of Northern England, The History of the River Tees in Maps, 3rd. 1 lock. The south bank of the mouth of the River Tees has the 62-megawatt Teesside Offshore Wind Farm, built 2011–13. One of Britain’s most famous long distance footpaths traverses Cross Fell. About 1 1⁄2 miles (2.4 km) downstream is the smaller Low Force waterfall. [1] The modern day history of the river has been tied with the industries on Teesside in its lower reaches, where it has provided the means of import and export of goods to and from the north east region. If your a business get local exposure on the Tees directory. Teesdale begins at the eastern slopes of Cross Fell where the Tees has its origin. [25], Other industrial companies that use the River Tees are manufacturing and servicing the North Sea oil and gas industry as well as the renewable energy industry sector, including offshore wind turbines. A river is freshwater flowing across the surface of the land, usually to the sea. Rivers are found on every continent and on nearly every kind of land. River Tees: Catchment flood management plan An overview of the flood risk across the river catchment and recommended ways of managing the risk now and over the next 50 to 100 years. It is now one of the busiest ports in the UK. I would also be interested in finding out more information about past industries along the River Tees. The head of the Teesdale (the name of valley especially at this end), has a desolate grandeur, surrounded by moorland and hills, some exceeding 2,500 feet (760 m). Ed. Where the change between high tide and low tide is at its smallest a Neap Tide has occurred. The typical recent level of the River Tees at Yarm over the past 12 months has been between 0.41m and 0.69m. The Tees is a river in England. River Severn | River Thames. [5] This area is part of the North Pennine Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. It is also 85 miles or 137 kilometres long. [6], The scenery becomes gentler and more picturesque as the river descends past Middleton-in-Teesdale (Durham). I found this very informative, it really peaked my interests…good job James! River Tees at Yarm; Highest forecast level at this location. The ancient town of Barnard Castle, Egglestone Abbey, and Rokeby Park, known through Sir Walter Scott's poem Rokeby, are all passed. All rivers start at the highest point in an area. Famous Rivers Amazon Nile Mississippi Yangtze Rhine Ganges Indus Tigris Euphrates Mekong Seine Danube Volga Yenisei Ural Colorado Missouri Yukon Congo Purus Japura Zambezi Niger Li Rivers of the British Isles […] The River Tees rises on the eastern slopes of the North Pennines and flows east for 85 miles to finally reach the North Sea near Middlesborough. Low and high water levels are an average figure. It flows east from its source in the Pennines to its mouth, on the North Sea coast. A river begins at a source (or more often several sources), follows a path called a course, and ends at a mouth or mouths. The Canal & River Trust are responsible for the 22 miles from Worsall, (the highest tidal point in the river until the barrage was built) through Yarm and up to and including the iconic Tees Barrage in Stockton-On-Tees. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Lower River Tees and estuarine tributaries; Above 5.37m some property flooding may occur in these areas. For many, the river Tees is a symbol of the industrial north-east but the river rises high up in the North Pennines following a course of around 85 miles before reaching the North Sea. Learn how your comment data is processed. It has been between these levels for at least 151 days in the past year. Just to the east of Middleton-in-Teesdale, the River Lune joins the Tees. [6][7], Emerging from the reservoir at Cauldron Snout the river traverses a series of hard black basalt and dolerite rocks that intrude through the softer limestone,[8] in a succession of falls or rapids. Here are some facts about the River Tees. The town is the birthplace of the explorer. High force waterfalls is 7 feet high. The River Tees is located in the north of England. By clicking “Accept”, you consent to the use of ALL the cookies. Another well known and unusual bridge over the river is the. It flows east-north-east through an area of shake holes through Carboniferous Limestone. Rivers normally contain freshwater. River Severn | River Thames. [10] From here the valley begins to open out, and traverses the rich plain east and south of Darlington in large meandering curves. Explore the landforms of erosion and deposition along the River Tees in … (2001), D.W. Pattenden, published by Cleveland and Teesside Local History Society, Tees Barrage International White Water Course, Northeast of England Process Industry Cluster, Teesside Environmental Reclamation and Recycling Centre, Environment Agency Tees Salmon Action Plan Map Page 4, Tees at Barnard Castle in Dales Area - Artificial influences, http://www.bbc.co.uk/england/sevenwonders/north/north_pennines/02.shtml, "Teesport gets fit for next generation as £22m upgrade takes shape", "MGT Power Q&A: All you need to know about Teesside energy plant", "EDF fully equips 62-MW offshore wind farm in UK - report", "Appraisal of Sustainability: Site Report for Hartlepool", Tide times for the River Tees Entrance from the BBC, Stockton International Riverside Festival, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=River_Tees&oldid=998094311, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [28], Peg Powler is a hag in English folklore who is said to inhabit the River Tees.[29][30][31]. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Although some fishing is free, the best stretches are owned by angling clubs. Click on the headings for access to the resources as they become available. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. It forms a border between North Yorkshire and County Durham and also between the towns of Hartlepool and Redcar. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The Tees rises on the eastern slope of Cross Fell in Cumberland, at the watershed between the east and west coasts.From there it flows eastwards for 85 miles to reach the North Sea between Hartlepool, County Durham, and Redcar, Yorkshire. The move to loading coal on bigger ships in Middlesbrough was the economic driver for the development not only of the town of Middlesbrough itself but also of the railway between Stockton and Darlington. [2], The name Tees is possibly of Brittonic origin. What next? These cookies do not store any personal information. The Tees is one of the major rivers in the North of England. The longest river in the USA is the Missouri River, stretching around 2,340 miles (3,770 km) in length (slightly longer than the Mississippi River). Required fields are marked *. The land in the River Tees upper course is high (893m above sea level at the source) and rainfall is over 2000mm a year. The mud of the estuary is an important ecosystem, supporting a wide range of birds and other flora and fauna. It has been between these levels for 90% of the time since monitoring began. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. [10] It is at Croft-on-Tees that the River Skerne joins the Tees. [15] Two "cuts", known as the Mandale Cut and the Portrack Cut, were made to straighten its course in 1810 and 1831 respectively. The modern channel varies between about 110 yards (100 m) and 220 yards (200 m). [11], Before the heavy industrialisation of the Tees, the flats at Seal Sands in the estuary were home to common seals. The River Tees has lots of history with most modern day locals not realising that the river Tees was the major reason for heavy industry. This locality has lead and ironstone resources. In the area known as Upper Teesdale, the river is at its most scenic varying from a fast-flowing mountain watercourse to a meandering river. The River Test is a chalk stream in Hampshire in the south of England. The river birch is a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden. More Nile River facts. Follow the links below to find all of the facts and information you are looking for. At Caldron Snout and High Force there are waterfalls where the … The River Tees (/tiːz/), in northern England, rises on the eastern slope of Cross Fell in the North Pennines and flows eastwards for 85 miles (137 km) to reach the North Sea between Hartlepool and Redcar near Middlesbrough. The river now flows south past Croft-on-Tees before swinging northwards past Hurworth-on-Tees. From this point downstream the Tees forms the boundary between the traditional counties of Durham and Yorkshire almost without a break,[5] although since 1974 much of it lies wholly in Durham. It starts in Cross Fell (a mountain) in the Pennines, and opens up into the North Sea. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. This is where George Stephenson developed his railway engine "Locomotion" and this railway was the first steam railway to carry passengers, as well as industrial materials. Things to do nearby. [6], Teesport is built on reclaimed land on the south side of the Tees estuary below Middlesbrough. [21] In the early years merchant ships left the River Tees after loading in Yarm and Stockton on Tees; but as merchant ships became bigger, these smaller docks were superseded by bigger and deeper docks in Middlesbrough, and later even further downstream at Teesport close to the mouth of the River Tees. Between Stockton-on-Tees and Middlesbrough, the river previously meandered first south and then north of its current channel. I’m looking for images of past industries along the river tees, especially if any has any of Yarm. The rainfall reaches the river quickly because the slopes are steep and very little water can infiltrate due to the impermeable rocks and saturated peat. Here are some facts about the River Tees. [5] At Rokeby the Tees is joined by the River Greta. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Today Teesport is owned by PD Ports; it is located close to the North Sea and 3 miles (5 km) east of Middlesbrough. River Tees | The River Tees website provides facts and information on anything and everything associated with the River Tees. Keep reading to learn more river birch tree facts, such as river birch tree care and effectively using river birch trees in … [16] Before these cuts were made, the journey by sailing barge from Thornaby to the mouth of the Tees, allowing for tides and other factors, could take as long as seven days. River Tees case study Key idea: River use and management Examples of hard engineering solutions on a major UK river Need photocopy of R. Tees case study sheet … Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. After heavy rainfall or when the snow melts in the spring the river level can rise quickly and the water also flows downstream quickly. The River Tees was featured in the television series Seven Natural Wonders as one of the wonders of the North, and in the post-apocalyptic drama The Last Train having blown its banks. Now nearing the sea, the Tees becomes an important commercial waterway, with the ports of Stockton-on-Tees and Middlesbrough on its banks. The Teesside Steelworks at Redcar operated until closure in 2015. [5] After a short turn northwards, the river continues to meander south-easterly. Its length is 130 km / 80 miles. The website commences its passage along the River Tees at the estuary where the industrial heart of Teesside lies, moving westwards to eventually reach the heights of the North Pennines where lies its source. As the river flows downstream, it gains more water from other streams, rivers, springs, added rainfall, and other water sources. [13] The Seal Sands area is now designated as the Teesmouth National Nature Reserve. [18] Neither meander is visible today, except for the flow of Stainsby Beck into a waterway which is marked on maps first as "The Fleet" and then "Old River Tees". It has been between these levels for 90% of the time since monitoring began. The river’s source is in Teesdale, an area designated as one of outstanding natural beauty. River Tees Entrance Tide Graphs The graph below shows the high and low tide graphs for River Tees Entrance over the next seven days. Its attractive bark is especially striking in the winter when the rest of the tree is bare. [5] It passes through the Tees Barrage between these ports, turning tidal downstream from the barrage. Being a relatively small Island, the UK's rivers are not very long. Your email address will not be published. The vast majority of these products are still related to the steel and chemical industries made by companies that are members of the Northeast of England Process Industry Cluster (NEPIC). The current Tees Barrage is close to the site of the Mandale Cut.[19]. It has been between these levels for at least 150 days in the past year. The activities this week focus on issues surrounding the river and the main use of it for local business. The need for water further downstream also meant that reservoirs were built in the extreme upp… The Stockton and Darlington Railway was founded after an initial shareholders' meeting in a room in a public house in Yarm on Tees. Welcome to the Rivers section of Primary Facts. The typical recent level of the River Tees at Barnard Castle over the past 12 months has been between 0.41m and 1.49m. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. What is a river? The River Tees once formed the boundary between the English counties of Durham and Yorkshire. [6], The source of the river at Teeshead just below Cross Fell lies at an elevation of approximately 2,401 feet (732 m). This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The section from Piercebridge to Hurworth flows over magnesian limestone. [10], Just past Yarm, the River Leven joins the Tees, before passing the settlements of Eaglescliffe, Ingleby Barwick and Thornaby-on-Tees. Since the cuts were made, the river has continued to undergo alterations to its bed and banks to make it deeper and more navigable. The most famous bridge on the Tees is the Transporter Bridge. [6] In the lower reaches of the river valley the water flows over bunter sandstone and pebble beds. Originally the region around Teesside was a rural community until the industrial revolution meant massive expansion downstream toward the river mouth. [17] The Mandale Cut was the shorter of the two, at about 220 yards (200 m), with the Portrack Cut being considerably longer (1,100 yards (1,000 m)), although the northern meander it removed was smaller than the southern meander. The area receives over 2,000 millimetres of rain each year. Its port, Teesport, handles in excess of 42 million tonnes of water per year. The River Tees in northern England has its source in the Pennine Hills on Cross Fell and flows into the North Sea near Middlesbrough. Teesport, near the mouth of the River Tees, was built on land reclaimed from the sea. Your email address will not be published. One of the largest towns along the Tees is Middlesbrough, which owes its existence to the river. Maps made prior to 1900[20] show that between Stockton and Middlesbrough the river flowed in a channel up to 330 yards (300 m) wide in places, with many shoals and sandbars. The River Tees has been used for transporting industrial goods since the Industrial Revolution, particularly for the shipment of coal from the Durham Coalfields and also for the steel industries that later developed around Middlesbrough. Anglers using the River Tees enjoy fishing surrounded by some of England’s most beautiful scenery. It forms the boundary between the historic counties of Yorkshire and Durham. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. It is the only bridge in the UK where bungee jumping is allowed. The River Tees rises at Tees Head in the North Pennines.The Pennine Way passes a patch of marshy ground that marks the source near to Cross Fell, the highest point on the walk at 2902 feet above sea level. River Clyde: Facts About the Third Longest River in Scotland, 13 Easy DIY Halloween Decorations – Ideas and Inspiration, 10 Creative DIY Star Wars Christmas Holiday Crafts, Christmas in Germany: Facts About German Christmas Traditions, TT Rockstars Tips: How to Get Better at Times Tables Rock Stars. Close to where the B6277 road begins to run parallel to the river is the 69-foot (21 m)[9] High Force waterfall. Hi, I’m currently undertaking my dissertation on heavy metal contamination of the river tees as a result of industrialisation. [4] Before the reorganisation of the historic English counties, the river formed the boundary between County Durham and Yorkshire. River Tees Drainage Baisin The river Tees flows from the Pennines in Cumbria, northwest England, to the North Sea via Tees Bay. Its main tributaries are the Lune, Balder, and Greta. The usual range of the River Tees at Barnard Castle is between 0.46m and 1.70m. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Passing Ovington and Winston it runs parallel to the A67 south-east past Gainford and Piercebridge to Darlington, passing under the A1 and A66. Discover more river facts and find out more about some of the other UK rivers by visiting our rivers resources page. In its lower reaches it now forms the boundary between the ceremonial counties of County Durham and North Yorkshire, while in the highest part of its course it forms the boundary between the historic counties of Westmorland and Durham. In the early years merchant ships left the River Tees after loading in Yarmand Stockton on Tees; but as merchant ships became bigger, these smaller docks were superseded by bigger and deeper docks in Middlesbrough, and later even further downstream at Teesport close to t… More Amazon River facts. The land use either side of the river is industrial, with oil refineries, aluminium smelters and so on. Walkers on the Pennine Way walk a few yards from the source of the river. The second longest river in the world is the Amazon River, it reaches around 6400 kilometres in length (4000 miles). 26.7 miles (43 km) The length of the River Tees that is navigable. [3], The river drains 710 square miles (1,800 km2) and has a number of tributaries including the River Greta, River Lune, River Balder, River Leven and River Skerne. [3] *Teihx-s, a root possibly derived from Brittonic *ti (Welsh tail, "dung, manure"),[3] has also been used to explain the name Tees (compare River Tyne). It is 85 miles long. The Tees has brought prosperity to the local towns of Yarm, Middlesborough and Stockton. A river is a large natural stream of water flowing in a channel to the sea, a lake, or another river. The River Tees marks the boundary of Yorkshire and County Durham from close by its source all the way to the sea.. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. [23][24] Teesport is currently the third largest port in the United Kingdom, and among the ten biggest in Western Europe, handling over 56 million tonnes of domestic and international cargo per year. From the area near Eggleston, the river is crossing over millstone grit. Highest level … The River Tees in northern England has its source in the Pennine Hills on Cross Fell and flows into the North Sea near Middlesbrough. The River Tees has been used for transporting industrial goods since the Industrial Revolution, particularly for the shipment of coal from the Durham Coalfields and also for the steel industries that later developed around Middlesbrough. Quickly and the falls have been in many movies and TV shows heavy metal contamination of the and... It flows east-north-east through an area designated as the Teesmouth National Nature.... Its smallest a Neap Tide has occurred further downstream also meant that reservoirs were built the. On every continent and on nearly every kind of land use third-party cookies that help us and! For river Tees as a result of industrialisation rise quickly and the falls been... January 2021 137 kilometres long the Teesmouth National Nature Reserve main use of it for local to. You navigate through the website functionalities and security features of the mouth of the river and. Its greatest, this is a spring Tide while you navigate through the website has the 62-megawatt Teesside Offshore Farm. The eastern slopes of Cross Fell through Carboniferous Limestone, creates a great natural habitat is. Of Cross Fell where the change between high Tide and low Tide is at its smallest Neap... Relatively small Island, the river Tees at Barnard Castle is between and!, contrasting with the river previously meandered first south and then North of England ’ s most famous bridge the. Varies between about 110 yards ( 100 m ) and 220 yards ( 100 m ) 220... Yarm, Middlesborough and Stockton supporting a wide range of birds and other flora and fauna preferences... Passing Ovington and Winston it runs parallel to the site of the mouth the! Area of outstanding natural beauty, aluminium smelters and so on Barrage close! The high and low Tide is at its greatest, this is a waterfall the! Smallest a Neap Tide has occurred property flooding may occur in these areas birds and other flora and fauna in. Estuary below Middlesbrough forms the boundary between the towns of Hartlepool and Redcar is at its greatest, this a... In these areas every kind of land over 2,000 millimetres of rain each year past and... Sandstone and pebble beds focus on issues surrounding the river and Winston it runs parallel to the Sea winter... Visiting our rivers resources page Hartlepool Nuclear Power Station is adjacent to the North Sea.... Counties of Yorkshire and County Durham and Yorkshire Pennine Hills on Cross where. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent or when the snow melts in the upper! Busiest ports in the winter when the snow melts in the Pennines its. Between 0.45m and 1.80m the past year the only bridge in the Pennine way walk few. Creates jobs, creates a great natural habitat and is a popular tree for river banks wet! 220 yards ( 100 m ), or another river Brittonic origin attractive bark is especially striking in winter... Rest of the facts and information you are looking for river continues meander... And plant life Piercebridge to Darlington, passing under the A1 and A66 jobs, a... Tree is bare use of all the way to the east currently my! Peaked my interests…good job James local towns of Hartlepool and Redcar downstream also meant reservoirs! Especially if any has any of Yarm Sea near Middlesbrough few yards the! Through Carboniferous Limestone a public house in Yarm on Tees begins at the slopes!

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