By 2016, the Pearl River Delta accounted for 9.1% of China's GDP. New North American refining facilities are being set up to tackle this, but the challenge lies in managing the environmental impacts of processing rare earths. the Pearl River Delta to the mountainous area of northern Guangdong Province, South China (Figure1). The largest greening BUAs are Pearl River Delta (PRD)(Note 3), Tokyo, Yangtze River Delta (YRD, Note 4), Miami, Beijing, Chicago, Seoul, Tianjin, Sao Paulo, and Osaka. The 2010/2011 State of the World Cities report, published by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme, estimates the population of the delta region at 120 million people; it is rapidly urbanising. The explosive growth the Pearl River Delta has upended the regional balance of power. Development has been relentless, and the World Bank recently named the Pearl River Delta as the biggest urban area in the world in terms of population and geographical size. Zhaoqing is the most western city in the Pearl River Delta region. Although the government has agreed in spirit to maintain the city’s autonomy until 2047, recent actions suggest an eagerness to integrate the entire region into a seamless megacity. Mapped: Which Countries Have the Worst Air Pollution? The region is a major manufacturing center with an economy the size of Taiwan’s. The report further indicates that the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta and the Jing-Jin-Ji area account for over 40% of China’s national economic output. The economic power of the Pearl River Delta is best reflected by the fact that although the region’s population is 5% of that of China, it produces more than 10% of its economic output, which would in itself make the area the 12th most powerful national economy, surpassing the economic power of Russia (1283.2 billion USD). Oops. I've seen estimates for the region of 60-120 million and I think these unofficial residents account for the bulk of the discrepancy in the guess work. —Gao Fengping et al., 2019, in a report funded by the Chinese government via Horizon Advisory. The Pearl River Delta Economic Zone encompasses nearly 7000 square kilometers, 0.07 percent of China, with a population of 22 million people, 3.1 percent of the 2010 population of mainland China. Between 2000 and 2010, the Pearl River Delta’s urban spaces—defined as areas where the built environment covered more than 50 percent of the landscape in a given pixel—had expanded from 4,500 square kilometers to 7,000 square kilometers. Since the Open Door Policy was implemented in 1978, the centres of the Pearl River Delta have seen astonishing rises in population, from mere rural villages to sprawling, urban centres. Ultimately, the large majority of rare earth refining, 80%, resides in China. A case in point comes from 2010 when China reduced its rare earth export quotas by 37%, which in part resulted in skyrocketing rare earth prices worldwide. A 30-mile-long bridge and tunnel is under construction to join the Pearl River Delta metropolis of Zhuhai to the special administrative regions of Macau and Hong Kong. Pearl River Delta economy: an opportunity for all Before 1979, China's Pearl River Delta region was mostly agricultural land. To put the scale of this population clustering into perspective, here are the populations of cities within the Pearl River Delta in 2020 compared with modern-day metropolitan areas in North America and Europe: Today, this compact region has a GDP equivalent to that of South Korea. World Population Growth Visualized (1950-2100). (In 2010, Tokyo had a population of about 32 million people and covered about 5,600 square kilometers.) Satellite image of the Pearl River Delta The PRD megalopolis is an urban area of gargantuan proportions with few like it in existance. The Pearl River Delta population of Chinese white dolphins may be the largest identified population of the species globally, with the most recent estimate of abundance as low as 2,000 individuals (excluding estimates from the Moyang River Estuary, Yangjiang). Epub 2019 Dec 6. Given email address is already subscribed, thank you! Equally important to note is that the Pearl River Delta is one of the world’s most successful economies. Residents from Guangzhou, Shenzhen and other nearby cities, as well as people from Hong Kong and Macau, are known to visit the city on weekend getaways and excursions. The designation of Shenzhen and Zhuhai as SEZs was a strategic move to act as an “overflow” for businesses in Hong Kong, and the impact on the Pearl River Delta was profound and immediate. The 12 urban clusters saw their share of China’s total population rise from 61.12% to 63.07% during the period from 2006 to 2015, for an increase of 1.95 percentage points. Visualizing the Biggest Threats to Earth’s Biodiversity, How News Media is Describing the Incident at the U.S. Capitol, Ranked: The Most Valuable Nation Brands in 2020, Decoding U.S. Election Day in 9 Key Charts, View a high resolution version of this graphic. Pearl River Delta (includes Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Macao, Hong Kong, and a bunch of other less well known but high population cities/districts), has anywhere between 60-120 million people (multiple estimates, apparently, this is about 3 or 6 metro NYCs) in an area the size a … This map reveals the top surveillance cities worldwide in terms of the prevalence of CCTV cameras. However, they are administratively and politically quite different. At the same time, the industrial structural upgrade changes the population distribution of the PRD. KEY WORDS: DMSP/OLS, Population Spatialization, Time … The city has an ongoing renewal project which has restored many of these buildings. 4.1 Hong Kong. Discussion on population issue in sustainable development of social-economy in the Pearl River Delta. Pearl River Delta (PRD) and Beijing in China, Sao Paulo in Brazil) 127 cities (15.1%) from … Although the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone encompasses only 0.4 percent of the land area and only 3.2 percent of the 2000 Census population of mainland China, it accounted for 8.7 percent of GDP, 35.8 percent of total trade, and 29.2 percent of utilised foreign capital in 2001. Located in Southeastern China along the Pearl River estuary, the Pearl River Delta is highly populated and has a very high rate of urbanization. 4.1.1 Main destinations- symbols and landmarks of Hong Kong; 4.1.2 Off the beaten places of Hong Kong; 4.1.3 The Hong Kong part of your travel itinerary; 4.2 Shenzhen In most instances, cameras are in a fixed position—and some of the more invasive aspects of CCTV, like accompanying facial recognition technology, are not universal yet. ac. As the world transitions to a cleaner future, the demand for rare earth metals is expected to nearly double by 2030, and countries are in need of a reliable supply chain. One physical manifestation of Mainland China’s push for an integrated region is the Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge. Lanthanum, found in hybrid vehicles and smartphones, was China’s largest rare earth export by volume, followed by cerium. Urbanization rate keeps increasing in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) after China's reform and open-up policy in 1979. In dollar terms, terbium was the most expensive—generating $57.9 million from just 115 metric tons of exports. A 2015 report concluded that, if taken as a single urban area, the zone is the largest such area in the world in both area and population. A 2015 report concluded that, if taken as a single urban area, the zone is the largest such area in the world in both area and population. The above graphic from CSIS China Power Project tracks China’s exports of rare earth metals in 2019, providing a glimpse of the country’s dominating presence in the global supply chain. On the brighter side, the increase in prices led to an influx of capital in the rare earth mining industry, financing more than 200 projects outside China. Here’s a closer look at the world’s top 10 cities by CCTV density. The Pearl River Delta in 1979 and 2000. Economically and linguistically, the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau — located on opposite sides of the mouth of the Pearl — are very much part of the PRD. Between 2000 and 2010, the Pearl River Delta’s urban spaces—defined as areas where the built environment covered more than 50 percent of the landscape in a given pixel—had expanded from 4,500 square kilometers to 7,000 square kilometers. Ma, Xiangming (S: 马向明, T: 馬向明, P: Mǎ Xiàngmíng). The "Turn The Pearl River Delta Into One" scheme will create a 16,000 sq mile urban area that is 26 times larger geographically than Greater London, or twice the size of Wales. Huizhou is known for its West Lake scenery. With upwards of 100 million people living along the Pearl River Delta, it is one of the largest urban areas in the world. Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China –(yuss2017, liufang, zhangzx)@radi. Carte des zones à risques d'inondations face à la montée des eaux d'ici 2070 dans la région du Delta de la Rivière des Perles, Chine. Given these figures, the putative PRD population may appear strong enough to resist demographic stochasticity and environmental pressures. The Chinese capital has the highest number of CCTV cameras in total, at just over 1.1 million installed in the city. On the other side of the world, Japan is making efforts to reduce China’s share of its total rare earth imports to less than 50% by 2025. This study aims to clarify how the relationship of metals and metalloids to human populations influences their source characterization and health risk, based on metal concentrations in 298 soil samples in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) and the corresponding zip-code level population. The terrain is tilted from north to south, and the total area of the study area is 1985.3 km2. To put the scale of this population clustering into perspective, here are the populations of cities within the Pearl River Delta in 2020 compared with modern-day metropolitan areas in North America and Europe: Image: Visual Capitalist Today, this compact region has a GDP equivalent to that of South Korea. The port of Jiangmen was known as Kong-Moon when it was forced to open to western trade in 1902. 1 Geography of Pearl River Delta; 2 Canton – Guangdong (广东) explanation; 3 How to explore Pearl River Delta; 4 The cities of the Pearl River Delta Region. The population in this region also includes immigrants from other parts of the country and the world. In 2019, the gross domestic product (GDP) of the Pearl River Delta in mainland China grew by 6.4 percent. Therefore, even rare earths mined overseas are sent to China for final processing. For starters, the U.S. has added rare earth metals to its list of critical minerals, and President Donald Trump recently issued an executive order to encourage local production. Today, the situation is markedly different. The Pearl River Delta (or PRD) is in Guangdong province, China.It is a bustling region with massive manufacturing and trade. In order to reduce dependence on China, the U.S. and Japan have made it a priority to diversify their sources of rare earth metals. The local government plans to develop a harbour industrial zone with heavy industries such as petrochemical and machinery industries. 2020 Mar;64(3):501-512. doi: 10.1007/s00484-019-01837-4. But mining is merely one piece of the puzzle. The report further indicates that the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta and the Jing-Jin-Ji area account for over 40% of China’s national economic output. It covers an area around 55,000 km^2, about the size of the country of Croatia. The urban areas are gray in this image. Hong Kong Island was first occupied by British forces in 1841, and then formally ceded from China under the. Although it covers only 1% of China’s territory and makes up 4.3% of its population, the Pearl River Delta is the biggest economic hub in the country. The human population is both an emitter and receptor of metals. 1. The increased population offset the health benefits from PM 2.5 decline. Figure 1.Population size of the New York Bay Area urban agglomeration and the Pearl River Delta Bay Area urban agglomeration. This shift in the regional dynamic is causing trepidation in Hong Kong, where over 90% of the millennial population identifies as “Hong Konger” as opposed to “Chinese”. China and India are the countries with the highest densities of CCTV surveillance cameras in urban areas. The Pearl River networks partly overlap with the most densely populated and economically developed region in the Pearl River delta Economic Zone. Abstract. In fact, just prior to the handover from the United Kingdom to China, the city’s economic output was equal to a quarter of China’s entire GDP. Nearly a decade since this plan was unveiled, the Pearl River Delta has won recognition by the World Bank as the largest urban area – or megacity - in the world, surpassing Tokyo in population and territory: 60 million residents and 56,000 square kilometres. Greening built-up areas in Pearl River Delta (PRD) and Yangtze River Delta (YRD) city clusters. Beijing ranks in tenth place. This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 00:25. * Indicates this city has already occurred above. This technology is integral to China’s proposed social points system. Journal of Geographical Geo-Information Science, 19, 109–112. The township population in Guangdong Province grew from 6.88 million in 1985 to 40.80 million in 1990, almost a sixfold increase. Did you know that a single iPhone contains eight different rare earth metals? In the above interactive graphic, Surfshark maps out how prevalent CCTV surveillance cameras are in the world’s 130 most populous cities. • Reducing PM 2.5 should be a priority to effectively reduce the regional mortality. Join the 220,000+ subscribers who receive our daily email, 50 Years of Gaming History, by Revenue Stream (1970-2020). The Pearl River Delta Economic Zone encompasses nearly 7000 square kilometers, 0.07 percent of China, with a population of 22 million people, 3.1 percent of the 2010 population of mainland China. Also known as rare earth elements or simply “rare earths”, this group of 17 elements is critical to a number of wide-ranging industries. As we close in on one billion CCTV surveillance cameras globally by the end of 2021, we will undoubtedly continue to be monitored well into the future. For example, the Chinese city of Taiyuan has roughly 120 cameras per every thousand people and yet the city has a higher crime index than most. In fact, it only took us 79 years to go from one camera to nearly one billion of these devices. Pearl River Delta: China’s Biggest Economic Hub. The Pearl River Delta (PRD) megalopolis is one of the largest and fastest growing urban regions in the world. As well as the delta itself, the term Pearl River Delta refers to the dense network of cities that covers nine prefectures of the province of Guangdong, namely Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Foshan, Huizhou, Jiangmen and Zhaoqing, and the SARs of Hong Kong and Macau. It is responsible for 26.8% of the country’s exports, making it third in trade after the United States and Germany, according to the Yearbook. From smartphones and electric vehicles to x-rays and guided-missiles, several modern technologies wouldn’t be what they are without rare earth metals. 1,2, Fang Liu 1,*, Zengxiang Zhang 1 1. Ciara Walker, Jim Sheerin, Weibin Xu, Francis Au and Diane Legge-Kemp from Arcadis discuss how investment in advanced infrastructure is creating the world’s first ‘megalopolis’. Something went wrong. PEARL RIVER DELTA Connectivity between the cities of China’s Pearl River Delta is key to economic development. April 2018; DOI: 10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-3-2173-2018. The Pearl River Delta (PRD), Zhu Jiang Delta or Zhusanjiao, in Guangdong province of China, is the low-lying area surrounding the Pearl River estuary where the Pearl River flows into the South China Sea. In the middle is the Yangtze River Delta region which includes Shanghai and has a population of 130 million and GDP of $2 trillion. In coastal waters of the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin (Sousa chinensis) is thought to number approximately 2500 individuals. In India, on the other hand, the amount of cameras can be attributed to mass urbanization, rising crime, and scarcity of urban resources. Although deposits of rare earth metals exist all over the world, the majority of both mining and refining occurs in China. China’s virtual monopoly in rare earth metals not only gives it a strategic upper hand over heavily dependent countries like the U.S.—which imports 80% of its rare earths from China—but also makes the supply chain anything but reliable. This massive urban agglomeration is located in Guangdong, a province in Southern China. In the late 1970s, the fertile river delta to the north of Hong Kong’s territory was primarily agricultural land. The eastern side of the PRD … Accurate numbers are really tough to come by anyway, since there are regulations guiding internal migration and the Pearl River Delta is the major manufacturing hub, so lots of people live there unofficially and may not be counted. While governments like China’s claim that having high amounts of surveillance cameras helps reduce crime, the actual data gets messy. MONITORING POPULATION EVOLUTION IN THE PEARL RIVER DELTA FROM 2000 TO 2010. At the close of the 20th century, Hong Kong was the undisputed economic powerhouse of the region. In 1979, the Chinese government – led by Deng Xiaoping – created four Special Economic Zones (SEZ) with the intention of attracting foreign direct investment and encouraging private enterprise. Abstract. Rahul Jacob, 30 November 2011, Talk is cheap in the world’s factory, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, United Nations Human Settlements Programme, Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region intercity railway, World Bank Report Provides New Data to Help Ensure Urban Growth Benefits the Poor, "UN report: World's biggest cities merging into 'mega-regions, "Labor shortage to affect Pearl River Delta hardest", "Achievements, challenges in China's Pearl River Delta plan", https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-16161764, http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/3fe09222-19cf-11e1-9888-00144feabdc0.html#axzz2p3wRsHjJ, "How Hong Kong's poorer workers can gain from Greater Bay Area", China to create largest mega city in the world with 42 million people, "Heavy metals in agricultural soils of the Pearl River Delta, South China", World Bank loans China $96 mln for delta environment, Guangzhou contributes 48.6 bln yuan to clean up Pearl River, "Greenpeace welcomes Guangdong's move to blacklist 20 polluting companies", "Working towards confident spaceborne monitoring of carbon emissions from cities using Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2", The integration of the city-region of the Pearl River Delta, Economic profile for the Pearl River Delta, Images from Scientific Visualisation Studio at NASA, Yangtze River Midstream (Yangtze River Valley), Sub-provincial cities as provincial capitals, Template:Administrative divisions of Taiwan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pearl_River_Delta&oldid=998993832, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Also known to many English speakers as Canton, Guangzhou is the capital of, Zhuhai plays a similar role to Shenzhen and became the first of the, Foshan is an old town dated back many centuries. So how many of us are being watched? To the north is … Surrounding the Pearl River Delta with a total area of 56,000 sq km (the same size as Croatia), it is the largest and richest economic region in South China, with a regional GDP of US$1.65 trillion, equivalent to 12 percent of the GDP for the whole of mainland China. http://water.greenpeace.org.cn The Pearl River Delta, the the world's factory floor of a million products. Marine biologist, Lindsay Porter, told Macau News Agency that the Pearl River Delta population Chinese white dolphin population had an almost “instantaneous” recovery shortly after ferry routes between Macau and Hong Kong were halted due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Which cities have the most CCTV cameras? the Pearl River Delta to the mountainous area of northern Guangdong Province, South China (Figure1). Visualizing the Human Impact on the Earth’s Surface. Huizhou is the most eastern city in the Pearl River Delta region. Rare earth deposits exist all over the planet, but the majority of the world’s rare earth metals are produced and refined in China. China is doubling down with surveillance in its cities by pioneering the usage and exportation of facial recognition technology. Its GDP, at more than $1.2 trillion, is bigger than that of Indonesia. Based on previous studies, a better value of a more representative algebraic model for the Regional Density Function is revealed by fitting curves. A large number of people have moved to the region due to the availability of jobs which can be attributed to the robust economy. Int J Biometeorol. Since the world’s first CCTV camera was installed in Germany in 1942, the number of surveillance cameras around the world has grown immensely. It is also home to the world's largest shopping mall. The Pearl River Delta has witnessed the most rapid urban expansion in human history – a predominantly agricultural region transformed into the world’s largest continuous city. Google Scholar In 1998, the official population estimate for the Pearl River Delta was 29 million (Statistical Bureau of Guangdong, 2002), up from 8 million in 1970 (Indian National Science Academy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and U.S. National Academy of Sciences, 2001). Although CCTV cameras have become extremely prevalent in cities around the world, this does not mean these cameras are seeing and recognizing our every move. It is well known for being a regional tourist hub, a medium-sized provincial "college town" as well as an up-and-coming manufacturing center. Japan and the U.S. are by far the largest importers, collectively accounting for more than two-thirds of China’s rare earth metals exports. This colossal infrastructure project is a 31 mile (50 km) connection that includes bridges, tunnels, and three man-made islands. Creating a Pearl River Delta Megapolis, The Growth Story of the 21st Century by Dan Steinbock 02/17/2010 In Southern China, the Pearl River Delta is giving rise to an urban super-power in the first rank. Population. To detect the content of 12 heavy metals in blood and hair sample from a general population of Pearl River Delta area, and to analyze the influence of duration of residence, gender, age, smoking and drinking on the heavy metal content. In China, where each project is more ambitious than the next, it’s only fitting that the world’s largest urban area will be connected by the world’s largest sea crossing. A very unique demographic blending is taking place in the area with a particularly young, dynamic and open to the world population. As of 2010, the Pearl River Economic Zone had a population of 36 million people. In fact, just prior to the handover from the United Kingdom to China, the city’s economic output was equal to a quarter of China’s entire GDP. In the two decades after Deng Xiaoping’s market reforms, the GDP of the region grow by more than 10x and urbanization – bolstered by large-scale infrastructure projects – began in earnest. Unofficial estimates of the floating population in the delta range from 10 million in 1997 (Shen, 2002) to 20 million in 2003. So far, the Pearl Delta is the highest populated area the world with an estimated population of over 1000 million people. The blurring of the lines appears to be well underway, as more than half a million people from the city now reside in Mainland China, up from approximately 150,000 a decade ago. • Reducing PM 2.5 should be a priority to effectively reduce the regional mortality. Rich Culture and great Living Environment The urban agglomeration of cities, built along the Pearl River estuary, is officially called Pearl River Delta. The Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region (PRD, Chinese: 珠江三角洲城市圈; pinyin: Zhūjiāng Sānjiǎozhōu Chéngshìquān) is the low-lying area surrounding the Pearl River estuary, where the Pearl River flows into the South China Sea. Chinese white dolphins in the Pearl River Delta are in crisis. In 1998, the official population estimate for the Pearl River Delta was 29 million (Statistical Bureau of Guangdong, 2002), up from 8 million in 1970 (Indian National Science Academy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and U.S. National Academy of Sciences, 2001). Severe air pollution in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region of southern China has increased attention of both the scientific community and policy makers. Increasing rare earth mining outside of China has reduced China’s global share of mining, down from 97.7% in 2010 to 62.9% in 2019. Megalopolis at the Gates Megapolis at the gates. 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